What Is Traumatic Brain Injury?
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) refers to any sudden trauma that causes damage to the brain. The cause is most often a violent impact of the head against a stationary object, but TBI can also be caused by deep puncture wounds or an airborne object striking the head. Often the person loses consciousness at the moment the injury occurs, but that is not always the case. A person who suffers a mild TBI, often described as a low-level concussion, will often make a full recovery with adequate rest and proper care. For many, however, a TBI is a life-changing event, involving damage to the brain that cannot be reversed.
According to the National Institute of Health’s National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), symptoms of TBI include:
- Headaches, from mild and occasional to severe and nearly constant
- Dizziness, confusion, fatigue and memory problems
- Nausea and vomiting
- Slurred speech and/or blurred vision
- Altered sleep patterns or an inability to wake up from sleep
- Weakness or numbness in arms and/or legs
If anyone you know displays any of these symptoms after an accident, seek medical help immediately. Although there is no way to undo significant damage to the brain that has already occurred, proper treatment of the injury can prevent further damage.
What Are the Long-Term Effects of TBI?
A moderate to severe TBI has a lasting, often permanent impact on a person’s life. Some level of permanent disability is, sadly, an expected outcome. Disabilities can range from problems with memory and occasional difficulty thinking to paralysis, dramatic changes in personality, or even coma. The painful truth is that the life of a person who suffers a TBI in an accident will never be the same.
Treatment and Rehabilitation
Every year, advances are made in the scientific understanding of the human brain, and with each advance comes the hope of better treatment for TBI. Progress is slow, but therapies to help a person recover speaking abilities, balance, and dexterity continue to improve. What is truly disheartening, however, is that some organizations claiming to help victims of TBI actually take advantage of injured people and their families. The Brain Injury Resource Center reports that several brain injury rehabilitation facilities are being investigated by the U.S. Justice Department for fraud. Seek expert advice on where to go for evaluation and care.
Getting Advice from an Attorney
If you or anyone close to you has suffered a TBI in an accident, you may wish to learn about your rights and options by speaking with a Miami Traumatic Brain Injury lawyer. Miami area residents can seek advice from Lavent Law. Call us at (305) 440-0450 to schedule your free consultation.